Evaluation of Orbital Disorders

Please read the following chapters (and review prior video lectures) and consider the following questions for the BCSC "Eval of Orbital Disorders/Congenital Orbital Anomalies" chapters. 


What are the pertinent positive and negative exam elements when examining a patient with a suspected orbital process?

What on-call orbital emergencies would lead to blindness or death without treatment?

What malignant orbital processes classically present with pain? 

Name four causes of pathologic enophthalmos.

Differential diagnosis for superotemporal prolapsed orbital fat?

What are some considerations in which an orbital biopsy would be sent to pathology not in just formalin?